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  • 机器设备采购一般条款翻译(中英文 上部分)

    网球入门挥拍动作图解 www.zon-a.com 日期:2018-09-18 / 人气: / 来源://www.zon-a.com/ 作者:译声翻译公司

      General Terms and Conditions for Machinery and Equipment Purchase


      1. 接受 Acceptance

      2. 装运和交付Shipping and Delivery

      3. 单据和付款 Billing and Payment

      4. 服务质量和检查 Quality of Workmanship/Inspection


      Instruction Manual, Installation Adjustment and Performance Test, Software System

      6.服务和替换零件Maintenance Service and Replacement Parts

      7. 保证 Warranty

      8. 不合格货物或服务 Nonconforming Goods or Services

      9. 成分说明、特殊警告和指示 Ingredients Disclosure, Special Warnings And Instructions

      10. 变更 Change

      11. 买方财产 Buyer’s Property

      12. 卖方财产 Seller’s Property

      13. 保险 Insurance

      14. 知识产权 Intellectual Property Rights

      15. 保密和不公开宣传 Confidentiality and No Advertising

      16. 抵销/扣除Setoff/Recoupment

      17. 税务 Tax

      18. 海关/出口控制 Customs/Export Controls

      19. 审计权 Right to Audit

      20. 不可抗力 Force Majeure

      21. 合同终止Termination

      22. 补偿 Indemnification

      23. 救济措施 Remedies

      24. 无暗示放弃 No Implied Waiver

      25. 不得转让和分包 No Assignment/No Subcontract

      26. 可分割性 Severability

      27. 遵守法律;商务实践 Compliance with Laws; Employment/Business Practices

      28. 适用法律 Governing Law

      29. 双方关系 Relationship of Parties

      30. 争议解决 Dispute Resolution

      31. 全部协议 Entire Agreement

      32. 通知 Notice

      33. 文字 Language

      1. 接受 Acceptance


      Seller has read and understands these terms and conditions, and agrees that Seller’s written acceptance or commencement of any work or service under this contract shall constitute Seller’s acceptance of these terms and conditions only. Any changes proposed by Seller which are different from or in addition to these terms and conditions shall be made in accordance with Paragraph 31.


      Unless otherwise agreed in writing by the parties, the parties agree to apply these terms and conditions to all other contracts as long as these terms and conditions are referred to in the attachment by the parties.

      2. 装运和交付Shipping and Delivery

      卖方同意:(a) 将按照买方和相关承运人的要求对货物适当地包装、标注及运输以确保运输费用为最低;对货物的包装应当适于长途运输、防潮、防湿、防震、防锈、耐装卸,以确?;跷锩庥谑芩?,使之完好安全地交付给买方;(b) 按照买方的指示安排货运路线;(c) 除非本合同中另行说明,将不收取货物的装卸费、包装费、仓储费、运输费或拖运费;(d) 在每批装运货物的包装标签上标明买方的合同号及其启运日期;(e) 为每箱货物上适当标明合同号、厂家号、车间号及装卸码头号,当一次发运包含多箱货物时,在每箱货物上标明系列号;(f)按照买方指示和承运人的要求,迅速提交每批货物的正本提单或其他装运收据,以及所运输货物的正确分类识别号。每一货包上的标记和装箱单、提单和发票上的货物标注应能使买方很容易地辩认出所购货物;(g)当指定的设备已完成及组装,但发现为装运和/或安装确有必要拆卸时,各部件应标上嵌合符号以便于在工作场地的装配。装运时为防止在运输过程中的破损与扭曲,各部件都应相应地系紧、捆好,装运发票上应显示箱号、盒号;且(h)若设备的装卸需特别指导的,卖方应在装运之前通知买方,并且卖方代表应参与整个装卸过程并提供特别指导。

      Seller agrees: (a) to properly pack, mark and ship goods in accordance with the requirements of Buyer and involved carriers in a manner to secure the lowest transportation cost; packaging shall be suitable for long-distance transport, moistureproof, waterproof, shockproof, rustproof, resistant to rough loading and unloading, so as to prevent the goods from being damaged and cause the goods to be delivered properly to Buyer; (b) to route shipments in accordance with instructions of Buyer; (c) to make no charge for handling, packaging, storage, transportation or drayage of goods unless otherwise stated in this contract; (d) to provide with each shipment packing slips with Buyer’s contract number and Shipment Date marked thereon; (e) to properly mark each package with the contract number, the factory, plant and dock number, and, where multiple packages comprise a single shipment, to consecutively number each package; (f) to promptly forward the original bill of lading or other shipping receipts, correct classification identification of the goods shipped in accordance with Buyer’s instructions and carrier’s requirements. The marks on each package and identification of the goods on packing slips, bills of lading and invoices shall be sufficient to enable Buyer to easily identify the goods purchased; (g) upon completion and assembly of the equipment specified if it is found necessary for shipping and/or installation purposes to disassemble the said equipment, the parts shall be match-marked to facilitate installation on site. Units shall be suitably braced and packed for shipping to prevent breakage and distortion while in transit. Shipping invoices shall show the crate, box or carton identification number; and (h) Seller shall notify the Buyer of any special instructions for unloading the equipment prior to its shipment and when special instructions are provided, the Seller’s representative shall be present during the unloading activities.


      Deliveries shall be made both in quantities and at times specified in Buyer’s delivery requirements. Buyer shall not be required to make payment for超过买方交付要求中指定数量的货物 goods delivered to Buyer which are in excess of quantities specified in Buyer’s delivery requirements. Buyer may change the rate of scheduled shipments or direct temporary suspension of scheduled shipments, neither of which shall entitle Seller to a modification of the price for goods or services and its quantities covered by this contract. For contracts of goods or services where quantities and/or delivery schedules are not specified, Seller shall deliver goods in such quantities and times as Buyer may direct in subsequent releases.

      若因卖方原因而无法实现买方的交付要求,买方有权:(a) 自行选择运输服务提供商并采取比原定方式更加快捷方式进行运输,上述运输费用由卖方承担,买方有权从支付卖方发票金额中扣除此金额;或要求卖方以可能达到的最快速度发运货物,并由卖方承担费用。在上述情况下,买方有权向卖方按货物或服务延误交付数量的总值每天收取相等于千分之三(3‰)的违约金,最高为合同总值的百分之五(5%); (b) 解除合同并通过其他渠道购买货物或服务,并向卖方收取该替代产品或服务与合同货物或服务价格的差额和额外费用,并有权向卖方按货物或服务延误交付的总值每日收取相等于千分之三(3‰)的违约金,最高为合同总值的百分之五(5%)。

      If Seller’s acts and/or omissions result in Seller’s failure to meet Buyer’s delivery requirements, Buyer shall have the right to: (a) choose the transportation service provider and require a more expeditious method of transportation for goods than the transporting method originally specified by Buyer; the transportation expense otherwise incurred by Buyer shall be borne by Seller and Buyer shall be entitled to deducting such amount upon its payment to Seller, or shipping the goods as expeditiously as possible at Seller’s expense; under the circumstance aforesaid, Buyer is entitled to charging Seller a daily penalty equal to three-tenth percent (3‰) of the total amount of the goods or services delayed, up to the limit of five percent (5%) of the total amount of the contract; (b) terminate the contract and order the goods or services from an alternative source, and to charge the difference or additional cost between the alternative goods or services and the contract goods or services; and Buyer is entitled to charging the Seller a daily penalty equal to three-tenth percent (3‰) of the total amount of the goods or services delayed, up to the limit of five percent (5%) of the total amount of the contract.

      3. 单据和付款 Billing and Payment

      卖方同意:(a) 向买方出具符合买方要求的发票作为要求买方付款的凭证;(b) 接受以支票或由买方决定的其他付款方式(包括电汇)付款。除非本合同正面有特别注明的付款日期,付款日期根据卖方是否是中国商业实体而有所不同。对中国商业实体的卖方而言,付款日应为买方收到符合买方要求格式的发票后的下一个月的第二十五日,卖方应在交付货物或完成服务后(如合同规定卖方有义务提供货物安装时,则在货物安装完成且买方最终验收合格后),立即向买方提交发票。对国外商业实体的卖方而言,合同总金额90%的款项以信用证形式支付且付款日应为发运日后的第二个日历月的结算日,剩余10%的款项以电汇支付;尽管存在上述规定,对电而言,买方在收到货物或服务或卖方完成货物安装,且买方在最终验收合格之前有权不予付款。卖方应当通过国际接受的快递服务商向买方送达发票的原件,以确保买方在发运日后第一个月的第七(7)个日历日前收到上述发票,以便买方付款。若卖方未能在上述期限将符合买方要求的发票送达买方,则买方有权将付款时间予以顺延。在本第3条中,“发票日” 指卖方开具正确发票的日期;“发运日” 指清洁提单或空运单上定义的货物在出口港或者出口机场的发运日(发运日与发票日应当相同或者两者相差不超过三(3)个日历日);及结算日”指根据买方的多边结算系统和中国的银行工作日而预先决定的每月一天的结算日。结算日将以附件的形式附于本合同之后或者由买方在每个日历年之前决定并提供给卖方。

      Seller agrees to: (a) issue to Buyer an invoice that is in compliance with Buyer’s requirements as an evidence of billing Buyer to make payment; (b) accept payment by check or, at Buyer’s discretion, other cash equivalent (including electronic transfer of funds). Unless otherwise set forth on the face side of this contract, the payment dates shall be different depending on whether Seller is a Chinese business entity or not. If Seller is a Chinese business entity, payment to Seller will be made on the 25th day of the month following Buyer’s receipt of a proper invoice; Seller shall render invoices immediately to Buyer in accordance with the requirement after delivery of goods or completion of service (if the Contract requires Seller to provide installation services, after completion of installation by Seller and the inspection by Buyer). If Seller is not a Chinese business entity, (90% by L/C on Settlement Date in the second month following the date of shipment, 10% by T/T)payment to Seller will be made on the Settlement Date in the second month after Shipment Date ; As to , notwithstanding the aforesaid stipulations, Buyer is entitled to withholding payment prior to receiving goods or service or before Seller’s completion of goods installation passing buyer’s inspection. Seller will send a copy of the original invoice via internationally accepted courier services to Buyer no later than the 7th day of the first month following Shipment Date to facilitate prompt payment by Buyer, and if Seller fails to deliver the proper invoice within the period aforesaid, Buyer shall have the right to delay the payment date accordingly. For purposes of this Paragraph 3, “Invoice Issuing Date” means the date that Seller issues correct invoice; “Shipment Date” means the date when the goods are shipped as defined in the clean bill of lading or airway bill at the port or airport of export, as the case may be (the Shipment Date and the Invoice Issuing Date shall be identical or the gap between the Shipment Date and the Invoice Issuing Date shall not be more than three (3) calendar days); and Settlement Date” shall mean predetermined date once a month based on Buyer’s Multilateral Netting System and working days of banks in China. A list of dates for the Settlement Date is attached hereto as Schedule or will be determined and provided by Buyer prior to the start of each calendar year.


      Buyer’s payment for the goods or services shall not be construed as endorsement of the quality of goods or services. If any third party declares any liens, encumbrances and claims upon the goods or services of the contract, Buyer is entitled to withholding payment and requiring any warranties or representations provided by Seller in accordance with Buyer’s requirements.

      4. 服务质量和检查 Quality of Workmanship/Inspection


      Seller agrees to perform work timely, diligently and to the reasonable satisfaction of Buyer in an efficient and economical manner consistent with the best interests of Buyer. Seller shall use its best skills and judgment and shall perform all services in accordance with the highest engineering professional standards, codes and regulations. Seller agrees to re-do, at no charge to Buyer, any work which in the reasonable opinion of Buyer does not meet the foregoing standard.


      Seller agrees that Buyer shall have the right to enter Seller’s facility at reasonable time to inspect the facility, goods, materials and any property of Buyer covered by this contract. Buyer’s inspection of the goods, whether during manufacture, prior to delivery or within a reasonable time after delivery, shall not constitute acceptance of any work-in-process or finished goods.


      Instruction Manual, Installation Adjustment and Performance Test, Software System


      Seller shall be required to provide to Buyer complete sets of instruction manuals covering the proper operation and maintenance requirements of all equipment furnished under the Specification. Instruction manuals shall essentially consist of but not limited to the following sections: (a) description of system; (b) installation and operating instruction; (c) maintenance, keeping and repair requirements for all equipment; (d) controls and adjustments; (e) parts lists; and (f) system electrical wiring diagrams. Instruction manuals must be submitted to Buyer prior to final payment. A recommended spare parts list of the ordered equipment shall be included in the instruction manuals.


      Unless provided for in the contract, the delivered equipment under the contract will be installed and adjusted under the direction of the Seller qualified and experienced field start-up engineer. If necessary, after installation and adjustment, both Buyer and Seller should conduct performance tests for the goods. Seller shall make adjustments to the goods according to the actual condition of performance tests so as to optimize goods’ operation under the actual condition. Under the working environment and conditions in conformity with what goods are designed for, Seller shall ensure goods normal performance in order to match their capability level defined in the contract. Unless provided for in the contract, Seller will not separately charge Buyer any expenses related to goods installation, adjustment and performance test (including but not limited to personnel service expenses, traveling expenses, etc.) In the process of goods installation, adjustment and performance test, Seller should comply with related operational procedure and Buyer’s security management requirements. If there is any accident, Paragraph 22 should be applied.



      If machinery and equipment provided by Seller are equipped with software system, the software system should be considered the goods under the contract and all terms and conditions under the contract shall be equally appliable thereto. To ensure the proper operation of the machinery and equipment, Seller shall make sure that the software system works properly through the whole life cycle of the machinery and equipment. If the software system suffers malfunction without Buyer’s fault, whether in the warranty period of goods or not, Seller has the obligation to repair or reinstall the software system in the machinery and equipment for Buyer free of charge. In consideration of non-severability between the software system and machinery and equipment, Seller shall grant worldwide, royalty free, irrevocable, non-exclusive using rights for the software system thereof to Buyer before discarding the machinery and equipment. If Seller can upgrade the software system of the machinery and equipment at its own discretion after selling the machinery and equipment to Buyer, Seller shall give timely notice to Buyer; provided, however, that whether Seller upgrades the software system of the machinery and equipment at its own discretion or not, per Buyer’s reasonable requirements, Seller should provide upgrading service of the software system in the machinery and equipment for Buyer, and expenses arising from upgrading service of the software system in the machinery and equipment will be negotiated by the Parties separately.

      6.服务和替换零件Maintenance Service and Replacement Parts


      Unless agreed by the Parties, Seller shall provide at least no less than one (including one) free maintenance and keeping service for the machinery and equipment (including the software system) and have the obligation to give guidance to Buyer to conduct proper maintenance and repair.


      Within the whole life cycle of the machinery and equipment, Seller has the obligation to provide spare parts to ensure timely repair and replacement for parts of the machinery and equipment. During the warranty period, if the machinery and equipment incurs any quality problems, Seller should carry out repairs or provide replacement for Buyer free of charge. The warranty period of the replaced parts should be restarted from the part replacing date. In case that the parts cannot be used after two times’ repair or replacement, Seller shall reimburse Buyer in accordance with the invoice price.


      Parties agree to carry out quality guarantee in this Paragraph 6 related to service and replaced parts in accordance with those set out in Paragraph 7.

      7. 保证 Warranty


      Seller expressly warrants that all goods or services covered by this contract will conform to the specifications, drawings, samples, or descriptions furnished to or by Buyer, the laws and regulations including, but not limited to, the national standards, trade standards and local standards, and will be legally merchantable, of good material and workmanship and free from defect. In addition, Seller acknowledges that Seller knows of Buyer’s intended use and expressly warrants that all goods covered by this contract which have been selected, designed, manufactured, or assembled by Seller, base upon Buyer’s stated use, will be fit and sufficient for the particular purposes intended by Buyer. Seller shall provide a warranty period which is conformed to applicable law or industry regulation. If Seller offers a longer warranty to Buyer than the laws or regulations, such longer period shall apply. Seller shall take measures such as repairing, remaking, replacing or withdrawing to ensure the goods or services under the contract as may be necessary to ensure that such goods or services conform to Buyer’s specification, requirement, standard, purpose, and all expenses incurred thereof shall be borne by Seller.


      Seller expressly warrants that all goods or services under this contract are free from any defects in rights and any encumbrances, and will not infringe upon any intellectual property rights of any third parties. Seller agrees, in the event that there is any defect in rights, Seller shall settle the claims and challenge from the third party and hold Buyer harmless and reimburse Buyer for all the losses.


      Seller expressly warrants that Seller is duly and legally licensed and authorized to be engaged in the sale of and, is the true owner of the goods and service, any and all goods and services covered by this contract and in case the contract is held void by any court, arbitration institution or governmental authority(ies) due to issues concerning the scope of business or the right to engage in international trading rights, if applicable, or challenged by any third party due to title defect, Seller shall be fully responsible for any penalty imposed by such court or arbitration institutions or governmental authority(ies), if any, and shall hold Buyer harmless therefrom, and compensate Buyer for the losses suffered thereof.


      In addition, Seller hereby makes the following warranties concerning environmental protection and occupational safety and hygiene: Seller warrants that all the goods or services provided shall meet Buyer’s requirements in terms of environmental protection and occupational safety and hygiene, obey national and local laws and regulations in terms of environmental protection and occupational safety and hygiene, and shall enhance management to prevent environment or safety accidents from happening. All Seller’s employees entering Buyer’s premises shall obey reasonable instructions provided by Buyer. Seller shall require its employees to sign the necessary documents in accordance with Buyer’s requirements, such signing of documents by Seller’s employees will not exempt Seller from any obligation and liability as a party to this contract.

      8. 不合格货物或服务 Nonconforming Goods or Services


      Seller agrees that Buyer will not perform incoming inspections of the goods or service, and waives any rights to require Buyer to conduct such inspections. To the extent Buyer rejects goods as nonconforming, the quantities under this contract will automatically be reduced unless Buyer notifies Seller otherwise. Seller will not replace quantities so reduced without a new written requirement or delivery schedule from Buyer. Seller shall withdraw the nonconforming goods aforesaid in accordance with the requirement of Buyer, and all risks shall be borne by Seller. Seller’s failure to withdraw nonconforming goods within the period stipulated in Buyer’s instructions or such shorter period as may be commercially reasonable under the circumstances, after notice of nonconformity shall entitle Buyer at its option, to charging Seller for storage and handling, or to dispose of the goods, without any liability to Seller. All risks aforesaid shall be borne by Seller. This Paragraph shall not limit or impair Buyer’s right to assert any legal remedy pursuant to this contract or relieve Seller’s responsibility for latent defects. Acceptance of goods or services, or payment for goods or services by Buyer shall not constitute acknowledgement of the goods or services conforming to the contract, and will not derogate the warranty liability of Seller under this contract.

      9. 成分说明、特殊警告和指示 Ingredients Disclosure, Special Warnings And Instructions

      如买方要求,卖方应立即按买方指定的形式和细节向买方提供:(a) 本合同项下货物的所有成分的清单;(b) 某一种或多种成分的数量;(c)有关该种成分任何变化或增加的信息。卖方同意,每批货物发运前和发运时,卖方应就货物中有危险材料的成分或任何部分向买方提供足够的书面警告和书面通知(包括在货物、容器和包装上贴适当的标签),以及提供必要的特殊搬运指示,告知承运人、买方及其各自的雇员如何采取谨慎和防护措施,以便在货物、容器及包装的搬运、运输、使用或处理中最大限度地避免人身伤害或财产损失。

      If requested by Buyer, Seller shall promptly furnish to Buyer in such form and detail as Buyer may direct: (a) a list of all ingredients in the goods purchased hereunder; (b) the amount of one or more ingredients; and (c) information concerning any changes in or additions to such ingredients. Prior to and with the shipment of the goods, Seller agrees to furnish to Buyer sufficient warning and notice in writing (including appropriate labels on goods, containers and packing) of any hazardous material which is an ingredient or a part of any of the goods, together with such special handling instructions as may be necessary to advise carriers, Buyer, and their respective employees of how to exercise that measure of care and precaution which will best prevent bodily injury or property damage in the handling, transportation, processing, use or disposal of the goods, containers and packing shipped to Buyer.

      10. 变更 Change


      Buyer reserves the right at any time to direct changes, or cause Seller to make changes, to drawings and specifications of the goods or services or to otherwise change the scope of the work covered by this contract, and Seller agrees to promptly make such changes; any difference in price or time for performance resulting from such changes shall be equitably adjusted after negotiation between Buyer and Seller. Any changes to this contract shall be made in accordance with Paragraph 31.

      11. 买方财产 Buyer’s Property

      买方直接或间接向卖方提供用于履行本合同的,或买方已向卖方付款的所有供应品、材料、工具、夹具、模具、量器、固定装置、铸型、模型、设备和其他物品应全部属于买方财产,并以寄存形式放置在卖方处(“买方财产”)。买方不对该财产的质量作出保证,卖方应在验收前检查所有该等财产。卖方应承担买方财产灭失或损坏的风险。买方财产应由卖方负责妥善安置和维护并承担费用,卖方不得将其用于履行本合同之外的其他目的;卖方应将买方财产进行明显的标记,标明是买方财产;并且不得与卖方或任何第三方财产混置,且未经买方事先书面批准不得将其搬出卖方场地,同时也有义务确保买方财产不受到任何第三方的侵害、侵占、损害。买方有权在任何适当时间内进入卖方场地检查该财产及卖方所做的有关记录。如买方要求,卖方应立即将该财产归还或送交买方,(a) 按照买方所选择的运送该财产的承运人的要求正确包装并做标注,在卖方工厂按离岸价格运输设备;或 (b) 运送到任何买方指定的地点,在此情况下,买方应付给卖方运送该财产到该地点的合理费用。在法律允许的情况下,卖方同意放弃对任何买方财产拥有的任何留置权或其它权利,包括,但不限于,由本合同或与买方的其它合同而产生的抵扣权、求偿权或反诉权。

      All supplies, materials, tools, jigs, dies, gauges, fixtures, molds, patterns, equipments and other items furnished by Buyer, either directly or indirectly, to Seller to perform this contract, or for which Seller has been reimbursed by Buyer, shall be and remain the property of Buyer and held by Seller on a bailment basis (“Buyer’s Property”). Buyer shall make no warranty on the quality of Buyer’s Property, and Seller shall inspect any and all of such Buyer’s Property before acceptance. Seller shall bear the risk of loss of and damage to Buyer’s Property. Buyer’s Property shall at all times be properly housed and maintained by Seller at its expense, shall not be used by Seller for any purpose other than the performance of this contract; shall be conspicuously marked by Seller as the property of Buyer; shall not be commingled with the property of Seller or with that of a third party; and shall not be moved from Seller’s premises, without Buyer’s prior written approval. In addition, Seller shall ensure Buyer’s Property is kept free from any infringement, invasion, or damage by any third parties. Buyer shall have the right to enter onto Seller’s premises at all reasonable times to inspect such Buyer’s Property and Seller’s records with respect thereto. Upon the request of Buyer, such Buyer’s Property shall be immediately released to Buyer or delivered to Buyer by Seller, either (a) F.O.B. transport equipment at Seller’s plant, properly packed and marked in accordance with the requirements of the carrier selected by Buyer to transport such property, or (b) to any location designated by Buyer, in which event Buyer shall pay to Seller the reasonable cost of delivering such property to such location. When permitted by laws, Seller waives any liens or other rights that Seller might otherwise have, including, but not limited to, any rights of setoff, recoupment or counterclaim arising from this or any other transactions with Buyer.

      12. 卖方财产 Seller’s Property


      Unless otherwise agreed to by Buyer, Seller at its own expense shall furnish, keep in good condition, and replace when necessary all machinery, equipments, tools, jigs, dies, gauges, fixtures, molds, patterns and other items ("Seller’s Property") necessary for the production of the goods. The cost of changes to Seller’s Property necessary to make design and specification changes authorized by Buyer with its prior written consent shall be paid for by Buyer. Seller shall insure Seller’s Property with full fire and extended coverage insurance for replacement value thereof. Seller grants Buyer an irrevocable option to take possession of and title to Seller’s Property that are special for the production of the goods upon payment to Seller of its net book value less the depreciation and any amounts which Buyer has previously paid to Seller for the cost of such items; provided, however, that this option shall not apply if Seller’s Property is used to produce goods that are the standard stock of Seller or if a substantial quantity of like goods are being sold by Seller to others.

    Tag推荐:一般条款翻译 ?
    答:笔译翻译又称人工笔头翻译, 既通过文字形式的翻译转换, 把源语言翻译成目标语言, 是当今全球经济发展, 政治文化交流的主要方式, 笔译通过文字展现方式, 使全世界上千种语言能够互通有无, 每天都有数以亿计的文字被翻译或转译, 笔译肩负着世界各国经济文化发展的重任, 是各国各民族的文化大使, 我们的笔译领域涉及十大类专业领域和五百多种不同的分领域。
    问: 我必须将原件拿给你们看吗?
    答:①根据中华人民共和国国家标准GB/T 19363.1-2003 对翻译行业服务规范的要求,中文字数统计是以不计空格字符数为计算单位的。标点符号算翻译字数是统一的行业标准。 ②标点符号在不同的语种中,有不同的表达方式,例如中文的标点符号大多是全角的,英文的无特殊设置都是半角的,而且如果一句话或一段内容夹杂两种不同的语言,标点符号的规则就相对复杂,对于翻译文件来说,标点符号的部分也是很费时。 ③另外,标点符号在句子中对句子语境等的限制因素,使得标点对句子、对译员翻译判断等起到一定的要求。所以,该部分也要计算在内。 ④可能我们平时不是很注重标点符号,其实在文字表达中,标点符号的重要不亚于单字单词,一个标点符号可以改变全句话的意思,而我们的工作也是做到了这一点,保证每个标点符号的准确,保证译文表达的意思和原文一样。
    答:根据中华人民共和国国家标准GB/T 19363.1-2003 对翻译行业服务规范的要求,中文字数统计是以不计空格字符数为计算单位的。而数字、字母也是包含在其中。而对翻译公司来说,数字和字母也要算翻译字数的原因还包括以下两个方面: 首先,我们的收费都是根据国家颁布的翻译服务规范来收取翻译费用,对待收费我们都是统一对待的,其次,数字和字母也是文章中的一部分,特别是在一些商务文件中,数字就是文件的主题,所以也是一样要收费的。 另外,纯数字字母需要核对、录入,比翻译一个词语更麻烦,翻译是大脑里面概念形成的,而纯数字字母是要严谨的核对、录入才能实现的,这将会花费更多的时间,所以我们会把数字和字母也算成字数。 但是有一种情况除外,如审计报告里面那种数据很多而且又不需要我们翻译可以直接保留的,这部分我们可以不计算在内。

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